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Psychoanalytic therapy is one of the most well-known treatment modalities, but it is also one of the most misunderstood by mental health consumers.
This type of therapy is based upon the theories and work of Sigmund Freud, who founded the school of thought known as psychoanalysis.
Some such as Noam Chomsky and Karl Popper suggested that psychoanalysis lacked a scientific basis.
Freud described the unconscious as the reservoir of desires, thoughts, and memories that are below the surface of conscious awareness.Psychoanalytic theory grew out of the work of the famous psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud who began developing his therapeutic techniques in the late 1800s.In 1885, Freud began to study and work with Jean-Martin Charcot at the Salpêtrière in Paris.Psychoanalytic therapy also makes use of other techniques including free association, exploration of the transference, observing defenses and feelings patient's may not be aware of, as well as dream interpretation.As with any approach to mental health treatment, psychoanalytic therapy can have its pluses and minuses.